Discom Loan Package

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July 18, 2020

Why in news?

The Centre has announced Rs 90,000 crore loan package for discoms.

How this package is viewed?

  • This package is being seen as a boon for the generation companies or gencos of the power sector.
  • Improvement in their cash-flows will help their credit rating, and enable fresh funding.
  • State government guarantees against the loans to the discoms will help PFC and REC to treat the loans as standard assets.
  • However, that is no assurance against default in debt-servicing.

What had happened historically?

  • Historically, in spite of delays, no lender has invoked a state government guarantee.
  • Over the years, the Centre has formulated various schemes to help the ailing state power sector.
  • In spite of these measures, there has been no real improvement in the functioning of the distribution companies, or discoms.

What is the pattern observed?

  • Diversion of funds meant for capital expenditure to meet interest liability is rampant.
  • This had resulted in further increase of liabilities with no creation of assets.
  • Therefore, no significant investment has been seen in terms of strengthening sub-transmission and distribution, systems improvement, or separation of agriculture feeders.
  • Virtually no power project in India has ever been completed without cost and time overruns.
  • Many private players quoted unworkable tariffs in making successful bids for projects.

What can be observed from the 2015 UDAY scheme?

  • This scheme aimed at financial turnaround, operational improvement, reduction in cost of generation, development of renewable energy, energy efficiency and conservation.
  • State governments took over 75% of the debt of discoms and issued low-interest bonds.
  • In return, discoms were given a deadline (2017-19) to meet efficiency parameters by 2019.
  • The turnaround envisaged by UDAY hasn’t materialised, with several targets missed.

What are the problems faced by players?

  • Apart from the financials of the discoms, banks and financial institutions have contributed to the stressed assets of many power producers.
  • Many naphtha/gas-based stations were built, but the absence of gas supply and import of costly naphtha added to their woes.
  • Most of these plants are shut today.
  • Many private power plants suffered as banks took time in approving revised project costs.
  • With no cash flow, the natural fallout was defaults.
  • As a result, many of the private projects face IBC proceedings or liquidation.
  • The Appellate Tribunal for Electricity’s (APTEL’s) order mandated electricity regulatory commissions to initiate suo-motu proceedings for discoms tariff revision.
  • But, no tangible action is visible.

What was the Finance Ministry’s announcement?

  • The Finanace Ministry’s announcement regarding privatisation of discoms in the Union Territories is a welcome step.
  • This should be adopted by states which are reform oriented.
  • Private players, with successful experiences in distribution, can be retained on an agency basis on a profit-sharing model.
  • Demonstrated improvements in Delhi by Tata Power and BSES show how investment in system strengthening can make a difference.

What is needed?

  • There is a need to secure discoms’ cash-flow and efficient collection.
  • This can be achieved through the introduction of pre-paid metering (complemented by smart metering and remote reading).
  • It can also be achieved through separation of agriculture feeders, metering and measurement of agriculture consumption.
  • Benchmarks can be established for efficiency in operations.
  • The MIS can be developed and data analytics can be used for continued improvement.
  • Going forward, consider appointing professionals for managing the discoms and delegate operational authority to them.
  • Only then can we expect to have directed investment for operational and financial improvements.


Source: Financial Express

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