28/01/2022 - Society

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January 28, 2022

Analyse the role of National Human Rights Commission on the issue of citizenship for Chakma and Hajong people. (200 Words)

Refer - The Hindu

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IAS Parliament 2 years


·        The Chakma and Hajong communities had fled their homes in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in erstwhile East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) after losing land to the construction of the Kaptai dam on the Karnaphuli river in the early 1960s.

·        In 2015, the Supreme Court directed the State to grant them citizenship, but this had not yet been implemented. In a judgment in 1996, the Court had stated that the “life and personal liberty of every Chakma residing within the State shall be protected”.

·        It is difficult, but not impossible, for any State government in the northeast to balance the interests of native tribal communities and those of legitimately settled refugees and their progeny.

·        Special rights guaranteed in the Indian Constitution in these States in order to protect the tribal people, their habitat and their livelihoods,.

·        Uprooting communities that fled their homelands under duress and have since been well settled in their adopted areas, contributing to the diversity of culture and the economy, would be a violation of their rights and repeating a historic wrong.

·        A dialogue between the State government, civil society and those of the Chakma/Hajong communities would go a long way in addressing concerns in implementing the Court judgment of 2015, rather than the course currently adopted by Itanagar.

K. V. A 2 years

Kindly review

IAS Parliament 2 years

Good attempt. Keep Writing.



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