Year End Review| Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

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January 08, 2024

About the Ministry

  • The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has its origin from the erstwhile Ministry of Welfare.
  • Two departments have been under the Ministry
    • Department of Social Justice and Empowerment (Samajik Nyaya and Adhikarita Vibhag)
    • Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan)
  • The Ministry is entrusted with the welfare, social justice and empowerment of disadvantaged and marginalized sections - scheduled and backward classes, persons with disabilities, senior citizens, victims of drug abuse, transgenders, etc.
  • Union Minister - Dr. Virendra Kumar

Ministry of social justiceDepartment of Social Justice and Empowerment

Initiatives for the welfare of Scheduled Class

Scholarship Schemes



Pre Matric Scholarship for SCs

Post Matric Scholarship for SC students

SHREYAS- Scholarships for HigheR Education for Young Achievers Scheme for SCs

National Fellowship Scheme

National Overseas Scholarship Scheme

Top Class Education

Free Coaching Scheme for SCs and OBCs

SHRESHTA- ScHeme for Residential Education for Students in High Schools in Targeted Areas

  • Objective- To provide quality education and opportunities for the poorest SC students as per the Constitutional mandate.
  • Eligibility- SC students studying from class 9th to class 12th whose parental annual income is up to Rs 2.5 lakh per annum
  • Selection- The students are selected through National Entrance Test for SHRESHTA which is conducted by National Testing Agency.
  • Project types-
    • Residential schools
    • Non- residential schools and
    • Hostels, both for primary and secondary students.

Pradhan Mantri AnusuchitJaati Abhyuday Yojana (PM-AJAY)

  • Launch year- 2021-22
  • Unified scheme- PM-AJAY is framed by merging the 3 erstwhile schemes
    • Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) 
    • Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCA to SCSP)
    • Babu Jagjivan Ram Chatrawas Yojana (BJRCY)
  • Objectives-
    • Reduce poverty of the SC communities
    • Improve socio-economic developmental indicators
    • Increase literacy and encourage enrolment of SCs in schools and higher educational institutions
  • Adarsh Gram- To ensure integrated development of SC majority villages with adequate infrastructure and to realise the objectives of the scheme.

Statuary provisions

  • Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955- Prescribes punishment for enforcement of any disability arising from preaching and practice of untouchability, which usually emanate from caste-based discrimination.
  • Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989- To prevent atrocities and hate crimes against SC and ST.
    • National Helpline Against Atrocities (NHAA) is available on toll free number ‘14566’ across the country.
  • Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013- Prohibits the employment of manual scavengers for the hazardous manual cleaning of septic tanks and sewers.

National Action for Mechanized Sanitation Ecosystem (NAMASTE)

  • About- It is a central sector scheme for improving the living standards of sanitation workers in urban areas.
  • Launch year- 2022
  • Origin- Self-Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers is modified as NAMASTE.
  • Aim- To provide alternate livelihood support and entitlements to reduce their vulnerabilities.
  • Joint initiative- Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MoSJE) and Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
  • Implementation agency- National Safai Karamchari Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC).
  • Objective - It envisages safety and dignity of sanitation workers in urban India by
    • Recognizing sanitation workers as one of the key contributors in the maintenance of sanitation infrastructure
    • Providing them with sustainable livelihood
    • Enhancing their occupational safety through capacity building and improved access to safety gear and machines

Commission/ Institutes for SCs


National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation

  • A fully owned Government of India Company under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013.
  • Function - Financing, facilitating and mobilizing funds for the economic empowerment of persons having annual family income up to Rs. 3.00 lakh for both rural and urban areas.

National Safai Karamchari Finance and Development Corporation

  • Incorporated in 1997 as a not for profit organization under Section 25 of Companies Act.
  • Objective- To eradicate terrible inhumane and evil practice of manual scavenging by providing financial assistance.

National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)

  • Established as statutory body in 1994 as per provision of NCSK Act 1993, now it acts as non-statutory body.
  • Objective- To monitor the implementation of the Prohibition of employment as manual scavengers and their rehabilitation Act, 2013.

Dr. Ambedkar Foundation

  • A society set up in 1992 under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860 and fully funded by the Government of India.
  • Implements Dr. Ambedkar Centre of Excellence (DACE) for coaching SC students for Civil Services Examination (CSE)

Dr. Ambedkar International Centre

  • Established in 2017 in New Delhi
  • Centre of Excellence for research and policy making in the field of socio-economic transformation.

Initiatives for the welfare of Backward Class

Scholarship schemes

PM Young Achievers Scholarship Award Scheme for Vibrant India (PM-YASASVI)

  • Coverage- Other Backward Class (OBC), Economically Backward Class (EBC) and DNT students for pursuing studies from Class IX to XII in reputed school shortlisted by the government.
  • Implementation agency- National Scholarship Portal.
  • Preference-30% of the slots shall be reserved for girl students.

National Backward Classes Finance & Development Corporation (NBCFDC)

  • Incorporated under Section 25 of the Companies Act 1956 in 1992 as a Company not for profit.
  • Objective - To promote economic and developmental activities for the benefit of Backward Classes.
  • It provides financial assistance and micro financing and also facilitates skill development of poor persons.

Initiatives for Senior Citizens

Integrated Programme for Senior Citizens (IPSrC)

  • It is a central sector scheme under which grants in aid are given for running and maintenance of senior citizens homes, mobile medicare units etc.,
  • It is previously known as Integrated Programme for Older Persons (IPOP) which was launched in 1992.


  • The Ministry has launched National Helpline for Senior Citizens (Toll free No. 14567) to address their grievances.
  • Launch year- During International Day for Older Persons on 1st October 2021.

Senior Able Citizens for Re-Employment in Dignity (SACRED) portal

  • Launch year-2021
  • It allows bringing people together by virtual matching of preferences by providing the senior citizens a platform to connect with the private enterprises for certain positions.

Action Groups Aimed at Social Reconstruction (AGRASR) Groups

  • It was launched in 2021 for senior citizens to form Self-Help Groups (SHGs).

Senior care Ageing Growth Engine (SAGE) initiative

  • It was launched in 2021 to act as a “one-stop access” of elderly care products and services by credible start-ups to promote the silver economy.

Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY)

  • Launch year- 2017
  • Aim- To assist Below Poverty Line senior citizens suffering from age related disabilities/ infirmities
  • Assistive devices will be distributed free of cost.

Atal Vayo Abhyuday Yojana

  • Launch year- 2021
  • Aim- To improve the quality of life of the Senior citizens by providing basic amenities like shelter, food, medical care and entertainment opportunities and by encouraging productive and active ageing.

Vayoshreshtha Samman

  • National Award for Senior Citizens (Vayoshreshtha Sammans) are conferred to eminent and outstanding institutions or organizations and individuals from different categories. 
  • The Awards are given on 1st October every year by President of India.

Initiatives for Transgender

Transgender persons (Protection of rights) Act, 2019

  • The Act provides legal recognition of transgender individuals as a third gender, and recognizes their right to self-identification based on their gender identity.
  • It criminalizes offenses against transgender persons, including physical, sexual, emotional, and economic abuse.

National Council for Transgender Persons

  • Launch year- 2020
  • Aim- To advise government on policies, programmes, legislation and projects with respect to transgender persons.

National Portal for Transgender Persons

  • Launch year- 2020
  • Role- To obtain certificates and identify cards online without any physical interface with the office of issue.

Ayushman Bharat Yojana

  • The ministry has signed MoU with National Health Authority for providing a comprehensive medical package to transgenders in convergence with the Ayushman Bharat Yojana.
  • Coverage- All aspects of transition related healthcare for transgender including hormone therapy, gender reassignment surgery that can be redeemed at all private and government facilities.

Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise (SMILE)

  • Launch year- 2022
  • Aim- To provide welfare and rehabilitation to transgenders and the people engaged in the act of begging.
  • Garima Greh- It is a housing facility to provide food, clothing, recreational facilities etc., to the transgender community and the people engaged in the act of begging.

Initiatives for Drug Abuse

Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyan

  • Launch year- 2020
  • Aim- To tackle the issue of substance abuse and a vision to make India drug free.
  • Nasha Mukt Bharat Campaign- It is a three pronged approach to deal with drug use.


  • Navchetna Modules- Developed for sensitizing students (6th-11th standard), teachers and parents on drug dependence, related coping strategies and life skills.
  • National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction scheme (NAPDDR) - Provides financial assistance to governments, NGOs and government hospitals for drug demand reduction, awareness, capacity building, counselling, treatment and rehabilitation.

Other Initiatives

Pradhan Mantri Dakshta Aur Kushalta Sampann Hitgrahi (PM-DAKSH)

  • It is a national action plan for skilling the marginalized persons of SC, OBC, EBC, Senior Citizens, DNTs, Safai karamcharies including waste pickers, and women.
  • Provides skill development training programmes at free of cost on,
    • Up-skilling/Re-skilling
    • Short Term Training
    • Long Term Courses
    • Entrepreneurship Development Program

National Institute of Social Defence

  • It has become an autonomous body and is registered under the Societies Act XXI of 1860 with the Government of NCT, Delhi.
  • Central advisory body- For the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • It is a Centre of Excellence on research and training in the field of social defence.

Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (PwD)

Key Initiatives/ Schemes

India’s 1st Festival of Inclusion

  • Theme-Purple Fest: Celebrating Diversity” held at Goa.
  • Aim- To showcase how we can come together to create a welcoming and inclusive world for everyone.

Sign Language Day

  • 23rd September is declared by the United Nations as the International Day of Sign Languages.
  • Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre (ISLRTC), an autonomous body under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, celebrated the Sign Language Day.
  • Theme – A world where deaf people everywhere can sign anywhere

Felicitation of Abilympics winners

  • Abilympics is a global competition for persons with disabilities, to recognize their achievements and encourage them to pursue their dreams.

Unique Disability ID (UDID)

Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act, 2016

  • Aim- To establish accessibility standards and promote the rights of persons with disabilities.
  • The act mandates that persons with at least 40% of a disability are entitled to certain benefits such as reservations in education and employment, preference in government schemes, etc.,

Atal Bihari Training Center for Divyang Sports

  • India's first high-tech sports training centre for Divyangjan equipped with state of the art facilities at Madhya Pradesh.
  • It aims to promote sports among persons with disabilities and provide them with opportunities to excel in their chosen fields

Disability sector pact

  • It is signed between India and South Africa.
  • It holds the promise of strengthening bilateral ties, with specific proposals for cooperation to be implemented during its period of validity, promoting a shared commitment to advancing inclusivity and empowerment for individuals with disabilities in both nations.


  • PM Daksh-DEPwD Portal- A comprehensive digital platform for skill training and employment opportunities.
  • Sugamya Pustakalaya- An online library that contains books accessible to the blind, people with low vision or to persons with any other print disability.
  • ARJUN Portal- Assistance to Disabled persons for purchasing/fitting of aids/appliances (ADIP) and Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana Joint Interface for Unique Nomination facilitates empowerment and inclusion of PwDs.

Assistance to Disabled persons for purchasing/fitting of aids/appliances (ADIP) Scheme

  • Aim- To assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable and scientifically manufactured appliances.
  • Implementation- Through NGOs, National Institutes under tMinistry of Social Justice & Empowerment and ALIMCO (a PSU that manufactures artificial limbs).
  • Eligibility-
    • Any Indian citizen with 40% disability or more
    • Monthly income not more than Rs.20000
    • Must not have received assistance during the last 3 years and for children its last 1 year

Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO)

  • It is a not for profit company registered under Companies Act, 2013.
  • It is 100% owned Govt. of India Central Public Sector Enterprises.



  1. PIB - Year End Review MoSJ&E
  2. PIB- Year End Review of Department of Empowerment of PwDs
  3. M0SJ&E- Annual report 2022-23
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