Prelim Bits 15-12-2022 | UPSC Daily Current Affairs

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December 15, 2022

Thousand Pillars Temple

Sculptors from Tamil Nadu involved in the restoration of the colossal mandapa of the Rudreshwara Temple at Hanumakonda.

  • The Thousand Pillars Temple is also called as Rudreshwara Swamy temple and the main deity is Lord Shiva.
  • It is located at the base of Hanumakonda hills in Warangal district, Telangana.
  • The temple was built in 12th century by Rudra Deva, the first independent king of the Kakatiya Dynasty.


  • Its structure resembles the shape of a star and houses three major shrines of Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Surya, known as Trikutalayam.
  • Thousand Pillar Temple was constructed by using the sandbox technique and is known for intricately carved pillars.
  • The mandapa leads to the main temple with a majestic monolith Nandi seated on the pathway.
  • In the medieval period, the mandapa was used for holding the meeting of village councils (Gram Sabhas) and dance performances.
  • The mandapa was destroyed during the invasion by Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, who ruled over the Delhi sultanate in 1323 AD.
  • The restoration project of the temple mandapa is taken up by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).


  1. Business Line - The restoration of 1,000-pillar shrine
  2. UNESCO - Kakatiya Rudreshwara Temple
  3. Hanumakonda District - Thousand Pillar Temple

Beypore Uru

The Kozhikode Tourism Promotion Council has applied for a Geographical Indication (GI) tag for the famous Beypore Uru.

  • Beypore Uru is a wooden dhow (ship / sailing boat / sailing vessel) handcrafted by skilled artisans and carpenters in Beypore, Kerala.
  • Beypore is situated on the banks of Chaliyar River.
  • Uru making in Beypore is a centuries old tradition, established since India began its maritime trade with Mesopotamia.
  • The Beypore Urus are a symbol of Kerala’s trade relations and friendship with the Gulf countries.

Miniature Beypore Uru will be part of the official prizes of the FIFA World Cup 2022 held at Qatar.


  • The Beypore Urus are purely made of premium wood - a special teak from the Nilambur Forest.
  • The wood used is still sawed in the traditional way and joined manually to build urus which requires immense expertise.
  • Usually an Uru is built by a team of 50 men over a period of at least 4 years.
  • These ships are made on the instructions of maistry (chief carpenters) on daily basis without any work plan or blueprints.
  • Several communities are traditionally associated with Uru-making, the Odayis and Khalasis (Mappila Khalasis) are prominent among them.
  • Odayis manage the technical matters of ship building and their family name comes from Odam (a small ship).
  • Mappila Khalasis are world-famous for their skill and expertise in launching the completed Urus into the water by using only traditional methods.


  1. The Hindu - GI tag sought for Beypore Uru
  2. Kerala Tourism - Beypore Uru

World Restoration Flagship: Ganga Project

Ganga Project is recognised by the United Nations for their role in restoring the river.

  • Clean Ganga is an ambitious project that aims to improve the health of the Ganga.
  • Restoring the health of the Ganges brings a wide range of benefits to the 520 million people living around its vast basin.
  • Namami Gange - The government-led Namami Gange initiative was launched in 2014.
  • The initiative is rejuvenating, protecting and conserving the Ganges and its tributaries, reforesting parts of the Ganges basin and promoting sustainable farming.
  • It also aims to revive key wildlife species, including river dolphins, softshell turtles, otters, and the hilsa shad fish.

World Restoration Flagships

  • The United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration is a global movement coordinated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
  • Under UN Decade 10 pioneering initiatives that are restoring the natural world were declared World Restoration Flagships.
  • The selected flagships are eligible to receive UN-backed promotion, advice or funding.


  1. The Hindu - U.N. recognises Ganga project
  2. UNEP - UN recognizes 10 pioneering initiatives

G20 Finance Track

The first G20 Finance and Central Bank Deputies meeting under India’s presidency took place in Bengaluru.

  • The G20 Finance and Central Bank Deputies meeting took place in Bengaluru marking the beginning of G20 Finance Track.
  • The meeting was co-chaired by Union secretary (economic affairs) and RBI deputy governor.
  • Around 184 representatives of central banks and finance deputies from 20 countries, guest countries and international institutions participated in the two-day summit.
  • In this meeting, 7 discussion sessions and 2 side events were organised.


  • The discussions focused on issues relating to
    • Global economy and risks,
    • Strengthening Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs),
    • Managing global debt vulnerabilities,
    • Financing climate action and Sustainable Development Goals,
    • Building resilient, inclusive and sustainable cities of tomorrow.
  • India about financial inclusion said - Digital public infrastructure leading to financial inclusion, and financial inclusion is not limited to just the bank accounts but also transactions.


  1. The Hindu - G-20 members discuss digital inclusion
  2. Indian Express - G20 Finance and Central Bank Deputies meeting
  3. G20 -  G20 Finance and Central Bank Deputies Meeting

Krishi Decision Support System

The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Department of Space signed a MoU to develop a Krishi-Decision Support System (Krishi-DSS).

  • Krishi–DSS is a Decision Support developed by the Union Agricultural Ministry on the lines of Gati Shakti.
  • The Krishi-DSS will be developed using geospatial technologies and related databases such as RISAT-1A and VEDAS.
  • The Krishi-DSS integrates systems of ICAR with MOSDAC and BHUVAN    (Geo-platform) of ISRO.
  • This will enhance evidence based decision making capability of all the stakeholders in the agriculture sector.
  • With this technological intervention the agricultural production, productivity, quality of production and including export opportunities will increase.


  1. PIB - MoU signed on developing Krishi-Decision Support System
  2. Indian Express - Agriculture and space departments sign pact
  3. Live Mint - MoU signed to develop Krishi Decision Support System
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