0.1639
7667766266
x

Prelim Bits 03-01-2023| UPSC Daily Current Affairs

iasparliament Logo
January 03, 2023

Vibrant Village Programme

Union Home Minister urged the border guarding forces to make use of the Vibrant Village Programme for permanent security in border villages.

  • Vibrant Villages Programme (VVP) was announced in the Finance Minister’s Budget Speech 2022.
  • The programme envisages coverage of border villages on the Northern border in states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • These villages along India's border with China have a sparse population, limited connectivity and infrastructure.
  • The programme is meant to improve infrastructure in villages which often get left out of the development gains.
  • Advantages - It could increase tourism in border villages.
  • It can make villages self-sufficient and equipped with all facilities.
  • This could help to stem the trend of out-migration from border areas on the Indian side and possibly reverse it in the future.
  • The borders can be permanently secured with patriotic citizens populated border villages.

Since 2017, China has undertaken large-scale construction activity along the border with India, building hundreds of border villages in Tibet to strengthen their presence along the frontier.

References

  1. The Hindu - Border guarding forces to use the Vibrant Village Programme
  2. PIB - Vibrant Villages Programme

Tidal Disruption Event

NASA operated Telescopes observed a massive black hole devouring a star.

  • A tidal force is the difference in the strength of gravity between two points.
  • If the tidal force exerted on a body is greater than the intermolecular force that keeps it together, the body will get disrupted.
  • The astronomical phenomenon of the destruction of a star by a black hole is formally called a tidal disruption event (TDE).

tde

Tidal Disruption Event

  • Tidal disruption occurs when a passing star gets too close to a black hole and is torn apart into a stream of gas.
  • Some of the gas eventually settles into a structure around the black hole called an accretion disk.
  • The gradual growth of this material bound to the black hole produces a short-lived flare of emission, known as a tidal disruption event.
  • TDE helps astronomers to study the impact of black hole’s gravity on materials around it.

References

  1. The Hindu - What is a tidal disruption event?
  2. NASA - Glimpse of Black Hole Snacking on Star

Pyroregions

Summer 2022 saw 20-year freak fires in Europe’s regions historically immune, close to normal in fire prone areas.

  • The concept of ‘pyroregions’ classifies land beyond political classifications, covering areas with specific fire regimes.
  • Pyroregions share similar characteristics, such as fire size, frequency, seasonality and intensity, which ultimately determine fire impacts.
  • It provides a better lens through which to apprehend fire’s spatial heterogeneity.
  • These pyroregions do not follow administrative, ecological or climate borders, and can be seen as a practical and straightforward way of describing fire patterns across Europe.
  • In a recent study, presented a pan-European pyrogeography featuring four distinctive pyroregions across the continent.

pyroregion

Distribution of ‘pyro-regions’ representing different fire characteristics across the continent.

Significance of Pyroregions

  • Understanding similarities and differences among fire regimes are important to inform fire management and prevention.
  • Global warming has been shown to increase the frequency and magnitude of fire weather conditions as observed during 2022.
  • Pyroregions also help simulate future changes of fire patterns as the planet warms.

References

  1. Down To Earth - Europe’s ‘Pyroregions’
  2. The Conversation - Europe’s ‘Pyroregions’

Sir Creek

For the first time, India is constructing ‘permanent vertical bunkers’ to station BSF troops right at the strategically significant Sir Creek and Harami Nala.

  • Sir Creek is a 98-km uninhabited tidal estuary between in the Rann of Kutch marshlands, which opens up into the Arabian Sea.
  • Originally named Ban Ganga, Sir Creek is named after a British representative.
  • It divides the Kutch region of Gujarat and the Sindh province of Pakistan.
  • It is a disputed territory between India and Pakistan along the International border.
  • The dispute lies in the interpretation of the maritime boundary line between Kutch and Sindh.
  • Sir Creek area, a 4,050 sq.km marshy area which has very inhospitable weather and terrain.
  • The marshes are home to poisonous snakes and scorpions.
  • Harami Nala (22 km) is part of Sir Creek channel.

sircreek

  • Security - The Border Security Force (BSF) which guards Indo-Pakistan international border patrols Sir Creek area.
  • Significance - Strategic location between India and Pakistan.
  • Starting point of Maritime boundary between India and Pakistan.
  • Sir Creek is considered to be one of the largest fishing grounds in Asia.

References

  1. The Hindu - India building permanent bunkers for BSF
  2. Times Now - In first, permanent bunkers for BSF at Sir Creek

Sammed Sikharji

The Jharkhand government’s decision to turn Parasnath hills into eco-tourism spots was protested by the Jain community.

  • Sammed Shikharji is located on the Parasnath hill in the Giridih district of Jharkhand.
  • The hill is named after Parasnath, the 23rd Tirthankara who attained moksha here.

Parasnath hill is the highest mountain in the state of Jharkhand.

  • Sammed Sikharji, or just Sikharji, stands 1,350 metres tall and is one of the most important pilgrimage sites for the Jains.
  • The word ‘Shikharji’ in itself means a ‘venerable peak’.
  • It is considered to be the biggest pilgrimage site by both the Digambaras and the Svetambaras sects of Jainism.
  • Every year thousands of Jain pilgrims from across the world undertake a 27-km-long trek to reach the summit.
  • Svetambara Pancha Tirth - According to beliefs of the Jain community, Shikharji is ranked as the ‘Svetambara Pancha Tirth’ or the five principal pilgrimage shrines.
  • The Svetambara Pancha Tirth are Ashtapad, Girnar, Dilwara Temples of Mount Abu, Shatrunjaya and Shikharji.

References

  1. The Hindu - Faith vs tourism: Sammed Sikharji
  2. Indian Express - Sammed Shikharji: The Jain pilgrimage site
Login or Register to Post Comments
There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to review.

ARCHIVES

MONTH/YEARWISE ARCHIVES

sidetext
Free UPSC Interview Guidance Programme
sidetext