Lancet Countdown Report 2023

iasparliament Logo
January 08, 2024

Why in news?

A new report by the Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change warns of the severe health consequences of climate change in India.

Lancet Countdown Report

  • The Lancet Countdown is global research collaboration that tracks the relationship between public health and climate change.
  • 2023 report- It tracks the relationship between health and climate change across 5 key domains and 47 indicators.
  • It warns that from 2018 to 2022, average summer temperature increased by 0.5°C compared to the 1986-2005 baseline average, with severe implications for public health.
  • The report highlights the grave and mounting threat to health of further delayed action on climate change.
  • It also emphasizes that COP28 could help deliver through commitments and action to accelerate a just transition.

What are the key highlights of the report?

  • Rise in temperature- It poses a significant threat to lives, health and wellbeing, leading to an increased risk of death and heat-related diseases.
  • Vulnerable group at risk- Due to elevated temperature older individuals, socio economically deprived communities, very young children, pregnant women and those with underlying health issues are particularly at risk.
  • Impact on health-


2013-22 vs 1986-2005 timeline

Children under age 1

43% increase in heatwave days

Adult over age 65

216% increase in heatwave days

  • Economic fallout- Agricultural workers face the brunt experiencing 64% of potential hours lost and 55% of potential income loss.

In 2022, India lost 191 billion labour hours due to heat, which was 54% more than in 1991-2000.

  • Urgent call for action- The report stresses the critical need for immediate action, emphasizing the urgency of strengthening local health systems, adapting to climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Air pollution- The report addresses the health impact of air pollution, attributing increasing deaths to small particulate matter (PM2.5) generate from human activities.
  • Energy transition- Transition to renewable energy is identified as a crucial step to mitigate air pollution, reduce greenhouse gas emission and promote universal, affordable and clean energy.
  • Drought - India’s vulnerability to extreme weather events including drought is outlined impacting crop yields, livestock and food security.
  • Spread of diseases- The suitability for the spread of infectious diseases like malaria, dengue has increased due to climate change.
  • Local engagement- The report emphasized the importance of locally relevant data and research to inform policies and enable government to take a leading role in championing health centered climate action.
  • Global collaboration- The report gives a call for global collaboration to address the urgent challenges posed by the climate change.

To know about the unhealthy urban India click here

What lies ahead?

  • Climate negotiations must drive a rapid and sustained shift away from fossil fuels, accelerate mitigation, and increase support for health adaptation.
  • The coordinated action of health professionals, policy makers, corporations, and financial institutions is the need of the hour to ensure a thriving future.
  • Health-centred urban redesign can promote safe active travel, reduce building and transport-based air pollution and GHG emissions, and increase resilience to climate hazards



  1. TOI- India faces escalating health crisis
  2. Lancet- Countdown on health and climate change report
Login or Register to Post Comments
There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to review.



Free UPSC Interview Guidance Programme