INTERIM BUDGET 2024-2025 (Part-1)

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February 06, 2024
  • Budget (Annual financial statement) - Statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for a specific financial year according to Article 112 of the Indian Constitution.

Article 112 - The President shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India


  • Interim budgetShort term financial statement that allows for the smooth functioning of the government until a new administration can present a full budget for the entire fiscal year.
  • It is presented by the outgoing government ahead of the Lok Sabha polls in the Budget session.
  • There is no constitutional provision for an interim budget.
  • The interim Budget includes estimates for government expenditure, revenue, fiscal deficit, and financial performance for a few months, but cannot include major policy announcements.
  • Vote on Account - It allows the Lower House to make any grant in advance for the estimated expenditure for part of any financial year by voting and passing such a legislation (Article 116).
  • It is valid only for 2 months and can be extended up to 4 months.


Annual budget

Interim budget


Presented on February 1st of each year, outlines the government's financial roadmap for the entire fiscal year (April 1 to March 31).

Presented in an election year, typically around February, to keep essential government operations funded until the newly elected government presents its full budget.


Covers all aspects of government finances, including revenue generation, expenditure allocations and policy announcements

Focusses primarily on maintaining essential spending on ongoing schemes and critical public services until the new government takes charge.

Policy  announcements


Major policy pronouncements are made in the annual budget.

Due to its transitory nature, an interim budget avoids major policy pronouncements or significant changes to tax structures.

Parliamentary scrutiny


Faces rigorous debate and analysis

Receives less scrutiny due to its limited scope and temporary nature.



1 year

Usually 2–4 months, but remains valid until the new government presents its full budget.


Related Terms

Fiscal deficit

  • It is defined as excess of total budget expenditure over total budget receipts excluding borrowings during a fiscal year.
    • Fiscal deficit = Total expenditure – Total receipts excluding borrowings

Primary Deficit

  • It is defined as fiscal deficit of current year minus interest payments on previous borrowings.
    • Primary deficit = Fiscal deficit-Interest payments

Revenue deficit

  • It is excess of total revenue expenditure of the government over its total revenue receipts.
    • Revenue deficit = Total revenue expenditure – Total revenue receipts


  • Goal - To make India a Viksit Bharat’ by 2047 (Prosperous Bharat in harmony with nature, with modern infrastructure, and providing opportunities for all citizens and all regions to reach their potential)
  • The trinity of demography, democracy and diversity backed by ‘Sabka Prayas’ has the potential to fulfill aspirations of every Indian.
  • Guided by the principle ‘Reform, Perform, and Transform’, the Government will take up next generation reforms.
  • Moving forward towards the goal of 100 years of independence, 'Amrit Kaal' has been named as 'Kartavya Kaal'.
  • Focus Garib’ (Poor), ‘Mahilayen’ (Women), ‘Yuva’ (Youth) and  ‘Annadata’ (Farmer)




Major achievements

  • Promotion of Digital Public Infrastructure – Formalised the economy 
  • Goods and Services Tax - Enabled One Nation, One Market, One Tax
  • GIFT IFSC and the unified regulatory authority, IFSCA - Created a robust gateway for global capital and financial services
  • Despite the challenges due to COVID, the government is close to achieving the target of 3 crore houses in implementing the PM Awas Yojana (Grameen).
  • With the pursuit of ‘Sabka ka Saath’ in these 10 years, the Government has assisted 25 crore people to get freedom from multi-dimensional poverty.
  • Rooftop solarisation - Through rooftop solarization, 1 crore households will be enabled to obtain up to 300 units free electricity every month.



Global Context

To know about Part-2, click here

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