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India's External Affairs: 2024

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December 30, 2023

Why in News?

India is headed for Lok Sabha elections in 2024 and outcome of the elections will send strategic signals to the neighbourhood and the world about the direction of India’s foreign policies.

What are the India’s foreign policy choices for 2024?

Ties

Challenges

Opportunities






US-Canada

  • Biden’s unavailability for the Republic Day celebrations.
  • Postponement of Quad summit
  • Allegation of India’s role in assassination of Khalistani separatist in both USA and Canada.
  • Both USA and India are invested heavily with each other.
  • Indian PM has expressed India’s “commitment to the rule of law”.




Pakistan

  • Election results of both nations could open avenues for restarting their relationship.






Bangladesh

  • Election due in Bangladesh in 2024.
  • Security imperatives as Bangladesh opposition is viewed with suspicion.
  • Improving connectivity between its Northeast and Bangladesh.

China

  • Continuing deadlock due to border standoff since 2020.
  • Elections may change the diplomacy.

West Asia and
Global South

  • Gaza conflict has tested India’s position.
  • Global South did not take India’s initial support for Israel kindly.


Russia

  • War in Ukraine test India’s position.
  • Pressure from the US has kept India from giving Moscow a free hand.
  • Payment crisis.
  • 2023 is the 2nd year with no India-Russia annual summit at the level of leaders.
  • Russia’s dependence on Beijing for its economic survival.
  • Imports of Russian oil.
  • Leaders’ summit is possible at BRICS meet in 2024.

West

  • The free trade pacts with the UK and European partners are said to be at a critical stage.
  • Elections are due in both and this shrinks the policy space and flexibility for negotiators.
  • The dialogues with the US and EU on technology and trade, to remove the barriers for India to access high tech in AI, quantum computing, and cybersecurity.

Maldives

  • Indian Out campaign by Maldives President.
  • Maldives call for withdrew of Indian Military presence.

Afghanistan

  • Afghanistan’s announcement of closing the Embassy of Afghanistan in Delhi.
  • Removal of India’s embassy from Kabul after Taliban take over.
  • India is engaging with the Taliban, a technical team has been posted at the embassy in Kabul.

To know about India’s neighbourhood dilemma’s click here

 

Reference

The Indian Express| Strategy and Foreign Affairs of India in 2024

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