Digitalisation of Indian Judiciary

iasparliament Logo
August 26, 2021

What is the issue?

Though technology can be a game changer, concerns remain regarding its efficiency in providing solutions to the problems of the judicial courts.

What are the major problems in the courts?

  • Massive backlog of cases - According to the National Judicial Data Grid, the pendency of cases rose sharply by 18.2% between 2019-2020 in case of district courts.
  • Judicial vacancies - More than 4 out of every 10 posts of High Court judges remain vacant as on August 1, 2021.

What are the initiatives towards digitisation?

  • The e-Courts project was conceptualized with a vision to transform the Indian Judiciary by ICT enablement of Courts.
  • The e-Committee of the Supreme Court of India recently released its draft vision document for Phase III of the e-Courts project.
  • The Supreme Court has directed all the courts to extensively use video-conferencing for judicial proceedings in the wake of the pandemic.
  • In May 2020, the Supreme Court introduced a new system of e-filing and artificial intelligence-enabled referencing.

 What are the challenges?

  • Inadequate digital literacy across the country
  •  Inadequate digital penetration
  • Issues of bandwidth and connectivity, particularly in remote and inaccessible regions
  • Absence of adequate digital infrastructure
  • Concerns regarding cybersecurity
  • Lack of trained manpower to maintain e-courts record
  • Unfamiliarity to handle cases virtually

How can it be addressed?

  • Adequate training of manpower including judges
  • Tailoring systems  according to the specifications and contexts required
  • Upgrading the current infrastructure
  • Developing a robust security system that provides secured access to case information


Source: The Hindu

Quick facts

e-Courts Project

  • The e-Courts Project was conceptualized on the basis of the National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary – 2005” submitted by e-Committee, Supreme Court of India
  • It is a Pan-India Project, monitored and funded by the Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India
  • Phases I and II had dealt with digitisation of the judiciary - e-filing, tracking cases online, uploading judgments online, etc
  • Phase III plans to upgrade the electronic infrastructure of the judiciary.
Login or Register to Post Comments
There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to review.



Free UPSC Interview Guidance Programme