All about India’s blue economy

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March 05, 2022

What is the issue?

For India Blue economy could be the next force multiplier of GDP and well-being, provided sustainability and socio-economic welfare are centered.

What is Blue Economy?

  • Blue economy refers to the ocean resources available in the country that can be harnessed to aid the production of goods and services.
  • It enables economic growth, environmental sustainability, and national security.

How significant is Blue Economy for India?

  • India’s blue economy is a subset of the national economy.
  • It comprises of
    • ocean resources.
    • human-made economic infrastructure in marine, maritime, and onshore coastal zones.
  • India has
    • 7,500 km of coast line (9/29 states as coastal).
    • 1,382 islands.
    • Exclusive Economic Zone of over 2 million square kilometers.
    • 199 ports, including 12 major ports that handle approximately 1,400 million tons of cargo each year.
  • It provides a vast socio-economic opportunity for India to utilise ocean resources for societal benefit responsibly.
  • EEZ of India has a bounty of living and non-living resources with significant recoverable resources such as crude oil and natural gas.
  • Also, the coastal economy sustains over 4 million fisher folk and coastal communities.

What are the important elements of a draft Blue Economy Policy?

  • According to the draft policy, the blue economy is one of the ten core dimensions for national growth.
  • It dwells on policies across several key sectors to achieve the holistic development of India’s economy.
  • The draft document focuses on seven thematic areas such as
    • national accounting framework for the blue economy and ocean governance..
    • coastal marine spatial planning and tourism.
    • marine fisheries, aquaculture and fish processing.
    • manufacturing, emerging industries, trade, technology, services, and skill development.
    • logistics, infrastructure and shipping including transshipment.
    • coastal and deep-sea mining and offshore energy.
    • security, strategic dimensions, and international engagement.

Has India fully leveraged this part of its overall economy?

  • India has tapped its vast coastline to build ports and other shipping assets to facilitate trade.
  • However the entire spectrum of its ocean resources is yet to be fully harnessed.
  • Several countries have undertaken initiatives to utilise their blue economy.
  • For instance, Australia, Brazil, the United Kingdom, the United States, Russia, and Norway have developed dedicated national ocean policies with measurable outcomes and budgetary provisions.
  • Canada and Australia have enacted legislation and established institutions at federal and state levels to ensure progress and monitoring of their blue economy targets.
  • With a draft blue economy policy framework of its own, India is now all set to harness the vast potential of its ocean resources.

What is the recent agreement with France?

  • Recently India and France has signed a roadmap on blue economy and pledge to increase bilateral exchange and preservation of marine resources through economic, infrastructure and scientific cooperation.
  • This will facilitate contacts between economic actors, business heads organisations, technopoles and maritime clusters of the two countries.
  • Cross investments as well as visa issuance to entrepreneurs active in the blue economy will be encouraged.

What are some of the domestic measures taken so far?


  1. https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/blexplainer/bl-explainer-all-about-indias-blue-economy/article65076459.ece
  2. https://www.livemint.com/news/world/india-france-sign-roadmap-on-blue-economy-pledge-to-increase-bilateral-exchange-11645456359357.html
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